10 Most Corrupt Countries

10 Most Corrupt Countries 10) VENEZUELA On 20th May 2018, Venezuela re-elected incumbent Nicolas Maduro to a second term as President, despite him overseeing a nose-diving economy and growing civil unrest But it hasn’t all been doom and gloom

In 2016 Maduro won the Organised Crime and Corruption Reporting Project Person of the Year Award… Recognising the individual who has done the most to advance corruption It’s not without evidence His son, 27 year old Nicolas Maduro Guerra, is apparently a prodigy He is not only the Head of Corp of Special Inspectors, and Director General of Delegations of the Vice President, but also Coordinator of the National Film School And 16 relatives of his second wife Cilia Flores held posts in the National Assembly in 2012

But that’s all ancient history, as are the allegations that two of Flores’ nephews, currently serving 18 years in the US, regularly flew drugs out of Venezuela to fund Maduro’s election campaigns 9) GUINEA-BISSAU Once a part of the Portuguese Empire, Guinea-Bissau has suffered war, drug trafficking and military coups since the country gained independence 44 years ago With no real stability in the country, national institutions such as the police, businesses and government are plagued by corruption

Following the conclusion of the civil war in 2000, the country was left without a judicial system, disrupted infrastructure and no security force to speak of As a consequence Colombian drug cartels fostered corruption by using Guinea-Bissau as a narco-state, due to its proximity to Europe Police and emergency services are ill-equipped to deal with the problem, and according to the African Center for Strategic Studies, there have been reports of senior political officials intervening in police investigations to release prisoners and personally “apprehend” cocaine 8) NORTH KOREA In the space of six months, North Korea’s reputation with the West has changed from nuclear rogue state to Kim Jong-Un skipping across the 38th parallel It’s important to remember though that Kim Jong Un’s Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is ruled by nepotism

The people are divided by Songbun: A system of classification based on the behaviour of relatives and their loyalty to the state This allows a favoured few to rise the ranks, greasing a few palms along the way, while the rest are forced to work in squalid conditions According to the Transitional Justice Working Group, little can be accomplished without a little bribery, however it’s inadvisable to get caught In December 2013 two aides of Jang Song-thaek, Kim Jong-Un’s uncle were executed on charges of corruption Weeks later Jang himself would face a similar fate

7) LIBYA Since the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya has descended into fractious infighting between the various rebel factions With no centralised government, criminal and jihadist outfits have moved in to fill the void One of the main issues facing the country has been that the Gaddafi government stole a sizeable amount of public money, as the regime collapsed, and recovering assets has been a slow and difficult process Property rights are not clearly defined, and the UN backed government based in Tripoli doesn’t have the strength to enforce them Of course, even an internationally recognised government can be prone to corruption itself

Freedom of the press has been curtailed, and journalists have faced significant harassment from the authorities The editor of Al-Ummah newspaper, for example, was sentenced to five years in prison for publishing a list of judges involved in corruption 6) SUDAN Sudan has emerged from decades of civil unrest and war with political instability and a significant crisis in the region of Darfur However, Sudan is also rich with natural resources, making foreign investment desirable… and profitable The country is firmly under the thumb of President Omar al-Bashir; A wanted war criminal who since assuming office in 1989 has systematic repressed basic human rights

His party, the NCP, dominates the political system with opposition leaders and activists routinely arrested without charge Tax evasion is rampant, with an estimated 60% of oil companies operating within Sudan engaging in some form or another The extent is so bad that the treasury sees less than a quarter of total oil revenue According to the International Criminal Court meanwhile, al-Bashir has a fortune of $9 billion 5) YEMEN Since 2015, the people of Yemen have been caught in a proxy war between Iran and Saudi Arabia

Faced with food and medicine shortages, a destroyed infrastructure and weak public institutions, corruption thrives Even before the current conflict, a system of bribery and patronage existed, which saw a small political elite rise In 2013 around ten families and businesses with ties to then-President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi controlled over 80% of the economy By that we mean manufacturing, telecommunications, banking and trading This collection of wealthy individuals also made sure that the money stayed in the family

Thanks to tax havens and loopholes in the law, it’s estimated that for every dollar sent to Yemen in foreign aid between 1990 and 2008, another $270 left the country The majority of the population survived off farming, but with the recent war destroying a large percentage of land, famine and epidemics have killed thousands 4) AFGHANISTAN Following the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the country was thrown into turmoil as the Taliban were deposed and international aid was required to maintain the population A weak government, propped up by NATO forces, led to rural instability and areas where rule of law means little

Even as recently as 2013, 95% of Afghanistan’s GDP was foreign aid, but the channels along which that aid is delivered had no accountability or corruption control As a result, politicians and dignitaries have been caught – on at least one occasion – applying for fraudulent loans from Kabul Bank More seriously, the drug trade has taken root again in Afghanistan, facilitating bribery at all levels of local and national government Worse still is the notion forwarded by The World Bank that, should the international community reduce or reorganise financial aid, then it could lead to more people turning to the drugs trade for a living 3) SYRIA Similar to Yemen, Syria has been in a state of conflict for years, torn apart by Islamic insurgents, international belligerents and rebel forces

Broadly speaking, however, the country is split into government-controlled, and rebel held, both with their own forms of corruption Bribery itself is not against Penal Law in government-held Syria, which automatically makes it widespread throughout the country and customs This could be as little as accepting a gift while on duty, but often includes the exchange of significant kickbacks Of course the Assad dictatorship also extends this attitude towards friends and family, making corruption practically a government policy According to the Panama Papers leak in 2016, Assad’s cousin Rami Makhlouf used Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca and bank HSBC to maintain control of up to 60% of the Syrian economy

2) SOUTH SUDAN When South Sudan gained independence in 2011, it inherited many of the same problems as Sudan, such as endemic poverty and lasting political divisions… but despite some attempts to establish anti-corruption frameworks, it’s still in its infancy Basic bureaucratic corruption is rife, and according to a Transparency International survey 66% of those polled said they had paid a bribe within the last twelve months The reasons for doing so can range from simply wishing to speed things up to being intimidated by officials The official government, under the control of President Salva Kiir, is locked in a war with former deputy president Riek Machar As such, accountability is of low priority and embezzlement marks the administration, with Kiir himself accused of embezzling $4 billion of public funds

1) SOMALIA In a state of civil war since 1991, Somalia is one of the world’s most unstable nations Corruption is just one part of a vicious cycle gripping the country, which has ranked last in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index every year since 2006 Somalia’s economy is largely agricultural, with what little trade there is being dominated by a small number of wealthy individuals with connections to powerful groups or militias – who provide muscle Politics isn’t safe from corruption, either Somali elections in 2016 were plagued by allegations of bribery and intimidation

According to Abdirazak Fartaag, a former government official, the election itself spawned a kind of “corruption inflation”, where parliament seats could fetch as high a price as $1 million Meanwhile foreign investors from the Middle East have been implicated in fuelling this market, in exchange for favourable business deals

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