10 Ways We Can Achieve Immortality

Hello, this is Alltime10s So you want to live forever eh? I’ll see what I can do 10

Nanotechnology Humans are just machines made out of meat Like that old washing machine on the fritz, aging is the slow rotting of our fleshy mechanism So, just like you need to replace the washing machine’s drum to get it going again, the degrading DNA in our cells needs to be repaired for us to live eternally This is where nanobots come in Scientists imagine hordes of microscopic robots flitting around your cells and patching them up, good as new

They’ll de-wrinkle your skin, strengthen your bones, improve your memory, boost your metabolism, or even carry oxygen through your arteries When they’re done, you’ll look and feel forever 21 “Pah! Impossible!” you say On the contrary, while we may be a good few years away from all of this, scientists have already engineered micro propeller motors that could enable nanobots to navigate inside us And in 2013 journalist David Schilling wrote that medical giant Abbott Laboratories was testing robotic red blood cells in rats

Sources: Industry Tap, New Scientist 9 Mind Upload Another way to get around the supposedly inevitable decay of your body is to crack it open and upload the juicy bit to a server The juicy bit is your mind in this analogy by the way Because when you think about it, being able to think about things is all that matters really So with your consciousness on the cloud you can live forever, as long as you don’t mind not having a physical body

This transhumanist aim isn’t that crazy when you look at Moore’s Law Moore’s Law describes how our technological capabilities seem to roughly double every year to every two years This exponential increase means that in practically no time at all, some say by 2023, we should have enough computing power to easily emulate the human brain, which scientists have estimated contain 2,500 Terabytes At the same time, we have already computer simulated 31,000 neurons of a rat brain connected by 37 million synapses And recently, Russian tycoon Dmitry Itskov has abandoned business and committed himself to achieving digital human immortality within the next 30 years

Sources: BBC, The Independent, Nature, International Supercomputing Conference 8 Keep On Cloning Imagine you live on a compound on an island, nothing too fancy Then one day, to your horror, you find out that everyone is a clone being harvested for their organs and for some reason, Ewan McGregor is there Well, yes, that’s a Michael Bay movie, but it’s also quite possibly the future If you throw away the dystopian elements and keep the cloning body parts, that is

In order to live forever, you have to be able to survive traumatic injuries and organ failure So being able to farm body parts in a petri dish with your own DNA is a huge plus No dying on hospital waiting lists No organs rejection You can keep replacing your old parts forever

Hybrid variants have already been made; a sort of plastic windpipe coated in your own stem cells has been available for a couple of years And miniature human livers have been grown Not forgetting we have created entire clones of sheep, cats and dogs I guess we could just clone humans in this way, and cut off the bits we need… but then we end up back on that island with McGregor Sources: Huffington Post, Wired 7

Cyborg Robocop Davros Cybermen Darth Vader General Grievous

Inspector Gadget These are all dudes who know how to cheat death – you meld half your flesh into a half-man-half-robot-machine-thing Well, maybe not Inspector Gadget, but it’s the same ball park Being a cyborg has obvious advantages: metal doesn’t age like flesh and a trip to the mechanic rather than the doctor is more likely to get you fixed up and shiny as new But surely the human body is a thing of such beauty, wonder and complexity that a machine version is impossible? Not at all, every few weeks you turn on the news and there’s some new motorized limb that a paralyzed person can control with their mind

In October 2016, scientists even showed that they could stimulate feeling in the fingers of a robot arm linked to an amputee’s brain While blindfolded, the person could say with near complete accuracy which finger the scientists had touched In 2010 the Cyborg Foundation was established by real-life cyborgs Neil Harbisson and Moon Ribas The Foundation’s goals include helping people to become cyborgs and defending cyborg rights So it seems becoming robots may merely be the next step in our evolution

Sources: IEEE Spectrum, Cyborg Foundation 6 Cell Therapy You may have heard of a bunch of animals that are already immortal and sniggering behind humankind’s back These include the hydra, lobsters, and certain jellyfish Naturally, scientists have been looking at what they got that we don’t Bio-gerontologist Aubrey de Grey created the SENS Foundation to explore this with investor Peter Thiel of PayPal fame

The foundation conducts in-house research for age-related illness, as well as funding research at everywhere from Harvard and Yale to Cambridge Their theory is that we must continually target many different forms of aging at the microscopic level Because while the lobster repairs its DNA to live longer, the jellyfish uses stem cells to regenerate So by picking and mixing from the immortal animal kingdom and analyzing how individual cells or tissues age, we can manipulate some of our cells in order to become immortal like the humble jellyfish Sources: SENS Foundation, TEDx 5

Let’s not beat around the bush, you’re not getting any younger, and while these immortality technologies look promising, they can’t be guaranteed to work properly before you die – or at least be available to people who aren’t elderly billionaires What you need is to be in the future right now Time travel is an option, but my bet is on cryonics That way you become a frozen popsicle for a couple centuries and thaw out when they resuscitate you Cryotech has become much, much cheaper since Walt Disney’s day, and now you can freeze your whole body permanently for a measly $28,000 dollars

The cryogenics team will wait, poised around your deathbed for your last breath, so they can begin the cooling process immediately How comforting There are lots of pitfalls – the cryo company going out of business, power failures, or it just being scientifically impossible to revive the dead, even in the long run But it’s still a better bet than rotting in the ground Sources: New York Times, Vice, Cryonics Institute 4

DNA Backups John G Messerly is an Affiliate Scholar of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, and earlier in 2016 he spoke about the idea of ‘genetic backups’ Say you go for a walk one day and – BAM – you’re hit by a bus Being part-robot, or having a lung in a petri dish isn’t going to help Messerly believes you could be recreated – in your entirety – from one bit of DNA taken from a mangled, bloodied finger in that bus’s tire tread, for example

Then, with your physical form reconstructed, it could be fast-forwarded with other technologies to your age with your mind and memories downloaded into it Hey presto, you’re back in the room Regenerating a human body from a piece of DNA may sound crazy, but artist Heather Dewey-Hagborg has been using technology to do just that – albeit in a rather creepy way She finds scraps of material on the street, on public transport, or in trashcans, and extracts DNA samples Some saliva from a cigarette butt perhaps, or a couple skin flakes

After analyzing the genetic material, she uses a computer program to produce a model and 3D print a mask that resembles the DNA-owner’s face, which she exhibits in a gallery Lovely Sources: Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, Gizmodo 3 Altered Perceptions It’s not quite what Einstein meant by his theory of relativity, but we all know that time can go at different speeds When you are having fun and living life it just flies by, and when you are dwelling on your inevitable mortality the seconds crawl by

Is there a way to take advantage of this difference in perception so we ‘feel’ like we are immortal? Dr Rebecca Roache, a scholar looking into life extension, claims that there are a series of psychoactive drugs that can distort people’s sense of time She envisions a pill that could make 8 hours feel like experiencing 1000 years We can imagine combining this experience with a Virtual Reality headset, and it could seem like you live through many, many lifetimes in the blink of an eye Sources: The Telegraph, Slate 2

Stem Cells I hope you like zombie apocalypses, because a ground-breaking study is currently underway in Rudrapur, India, and it could go so very wrong ‘Patient zero’ is a 27-year-old car crash victim who has been declared clinically dead; his body is kept functioning on a life support system The study is seeing if the brain can be revived Neuroscientists are using stem cells to treat the organ, in addition to other laser therapy and nerve stimulation techniques The trial will aim to take 20 dead patients and reanimate them

The doctors have said they will be looking at the spinal cord for signs of regeneration, similar in nature to when salamanders regrow limbs If the trial is successful, it seems like it could be possible not to die, at least if your body is intact Bioquark, who are sponsoring the trial, say that results are expected in two to three months and that they see the process of death being reversed in our lifetime Sources: The Telegraph 1 Inject Telomerase The controversial firm BioViva first grabbed headlines with a supposed cure for Alzheimer’s, and now the CEO has revealed that she has been injecting herself with telomerase [tello-mu-raze] for 6 months in order to live forever

Crazy But what is telomerase anyway? Well, as you get older, old cells are replaced by cells that divide and make a copy of their DNA The problem is that after a load of copying, the ends of the DNA get shaved off, essentially degrading your genetic material and physically aging you Telomerase is the wonder protein that prevents the ends of your DNA getting shaved off, and even lengthens them Could this really stop aging then? Researchers at Harvard Medical School put it to the test and injected a bunch of mice in 2010 to stimulate telomerase production

The results were incredible The mice didn’t just slow down in aging, they became physically younger Sign me up Sources: Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, Daily Mail, If you liked this video, give it a thumbs up and subscribe to keep to on getting great videos for alllllll eternity In the meantime, check out 10 Weapons That Could Wipe Out Life On Earth

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