EVERYTHING You Need To Know About Coronavirus

With the advent of the Coronavirus, people are seriously freaking out! But, if we’ve learned something from previous “epidemics” like Ebola and SARS, panic NEVER helps So, here are the 10 Things You Need To Know About The Coronavirus

Before we go though, remember to subscribe to AllTime 10s! Got it? Let's go! 10 A Bit Of Background First of all, let’s have a summary of what’s going on, shall we? You may have heard that China is involved; that’s because the first cases of the virus were discovered in the city of Wuhan, China at the end of December 2019 However, the virus gained notoriety only in mid-January 2020 because

well, we’ll get there later So, people tend to believe Coronavirus is something we’ve never faced before, which is not entirely true There have been previous coronaviruses such as SARS and MERS

And just like for those cases, an initial form of the virus first originated in animals In particular, analysis of the genetic tree of this virus indicates it originated in bats, the same as it was for SARS FYI, MERS jumped to people via camels In any case, whether the virus jumped directly from bats or whether there was an intermediary animal host is not yet known But the number of people infected by the Wuhan coronavirus continues to grow

Currently, the number of confirmed cases globally reached 75,201, with a 2% fatality rate – much higher than the average flu mortality rate of 01% 9 The Symptoms The virus has already crossed the borders of China and spread to other countries, reaching even the western ones, such as Canada, US, UK, Australia, Germany, Spain and Italy This, of course, caused a general panic

So, what are the symptoms of this outbreak? According to experts, those who have fallen ill are reported to suffer coughs, fever and breathing difficulties Not too different from the normal flu… It can also cause pneumonia and, in severe cases, there can be organ failure Common antibiotics don’t work, neither the antiviral drugs we have against the flu But recovery is possible! It depends on the strength of individual immune systems, but it’s absolutely possible Out of the 75,000 who caught the virus, 88% has recovered

Compared to common flu, that according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention made 19 million illnesses, 180,000 hospitalizations, and 10,000 deaths this season, it’s not really that big or much different In fact, many of those who have died were already in poor health 8 Prevention Have you noticed how fear can turn us all into an army of germophobic freaks? Not that there’s anything bad about that; hygiene is important, but it’s astonishing to see people who usually couldn’t care less about sanitary rules, hanging from the lips of doctors So, what do doctors recommend to help prevent the virus? Avoid close contact with people who are sick – duh? Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth

– Not sure it is possible on a day-to-day basis, but okay Stay home when you are sick Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe – Maybe a bit extreme Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol Always wash hands with soap and water if your hands are visibly dirty – Like basic hygiene standards? 7 Treatment and Vaccine On the scientific side, specialists are doing their best to isolate the virus and develop effective treatments and vaccines The outbreak has mobilised experts across the medical and biotech industry to develop vaccines across the biotech industry

At the beginning of February 2020, the Spallanzani National Institute for Infectious Diseases in Rome, Italy, isolated the DNA sequence of the coronavirus, which helped to understand a bit more about the virus and its incubation period Companies such as Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Moderna, and Novavax have been reported to be developing coronavirus vaccines A total of 30 therapies are planned to be tested, including a few traditional medicines, such as herbal extracts of Cibotium barometz, for coronavirus treatment by Chinese scientists The National Medical Products Administration of China has approved the use of Favilavir, an antiviral drug, as a treatment for coronavirus The drug has reportedly shown efficacy in treating the disease with minimal side effects in a clinical trial involving 70 patients, which is still too low to be acknowledged as a proper vaccine

So, for now, no vaccine has yet been found 6 Anti-Vaxxers Conspiracy Theories Speaking of vaccines, could we ever leave Anti Vaxxers out? As Forbes pointed out, the most recent anti-vax nonsense centres precisely on the coronavirus, and claims scientists are the one to blame Apparently, they’ve generated the virus from a failed attempt of creating a vaccine… Yeah, sure… But, as delirious as this theory may sound, it’s not the craziest one out there! In February 2020, Anti Vaxxer/professional boxer Anthony Mundine claimed the Coronavirus is not real, but rather a ploy to force the introduction of a mass vaccine To quote his Facebook post, “ I don’t even think this Coronavirus is real

” The post caused, of course, a strong reaction online, with people going up against Mundine and others supporting him But, neither the boxer nor his supporters could explain why a whole city has been put in quarantine then 5 How Does The Virus Spread? Since it’s a new illness, we don’t know exactly how the virus spreads, but we do know that you can spread it even if you don’t show any symptoms Similar viruses spread mainly from person-to-person, between people who are in close contact with one another, via cough droplets

These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs However, how easily the virus spreads from person-to-person can vary For example, it seems to be spreading easily in the Hubei province and other parts of China In the United States, spread from person-to-person has occurred only among a few close contacts and has not spread any further to date Still, the data alarms scientists, who fear the Coronavirus could spread in countries less able to contain it, such as Southeast Asia and most of the poorest regions in Africa

Anyway, it’s unlikely that coronavirus can be spread through packages from affected countries or through food So, boycotting Chinese products and restaurants won't make any difference 4 Cruise Ships In Quarantine First, there was the Titanic, then there was the Concordia and now, Coronavirus has blessed us with two more cruise emergencies… To be fair, one turned out to be more urgent than the other On 30th January 2020, cruise ship Costa Smeralda was withheld in the port of Civitavecchia in Italy, for a suspected case of contamination

Luckily, the alarm ended after only 24 hours However, people on board feared the worst The ship was in quarantine of course, but passengers could still walk freely around the ship Well, I’m no expert but, if you let people mingle in quarantine, chances of contagion are pretty high Now, here’s the bigger case

Cruise ship Diamond Princess was put in quarantine in Yokohama in early February after a man who disembarked in Hong Kong was found positive to Coronavirus Passengers were initially isolated in their cabins but later allowed to go out on deck Again, not a smart move In fact, at least 621 passengers and crew have been infected so far As for now, there is still uncertainty over whether and when passengers will be allowed to leave the ship

3 Face Masks Images of people wearing everything from face masks made from fruit to full-face helmets forged from recycled water bottles have gone viral on social media Sales of paper masks have gone through the roof everywhere In South Korea, the government has even threatened citizens with two years in prison if they are found to be hoarding face masks that may help slow the spread But, here’s the question everyone wanted to ask: Do face masks actually work? Experts don’t recommend healthy people to wear a face mask to protect themselves from respiratory illnesses, such as the Coronavirus

You should only wear a mask if a healthcare professional recommends it, and only if you are showing symptoms of the virus So, to sum up; no, preventative methods don’t actually work In fact, water bottles and plastic bags worn over the head can pose a potential risk of suffocation Even surgical masks are unlikely to help: they are designed to keep droplets in, not out Still, people are so freaked out that for the very first time in history Dentists are running out of masks supplies

2 What About Pets? Let’s not forget about our furry animals… While this virus seems to have emerged from an animal source, scientists believe it is now spreading only from person-to-person There is no reason to think that any animal or pet might be a source of infection This could change if new information emerges, of course, but it shouldn’t be cause for panic If your pet is usually at home and doesn't come in contact with other animals or people often, and no one in your household has the virus, the odds that your pet would get sick — IF the virus is transmittable to animals — are highly unlikely

Sadly though, there are a few pets at risk right now Chinese cats and dogs; but for different reasons Following the Coronavirus outbreak, many of the people who have escaped Wuhan had to leave their pets behind Now at least 20,000-30,000 animals risk dying from starvation 1

The Doctor Who Discovered The Virus Li Wenliang, the doctor who tried to issue the first warning about Coronavirus, died on the 7th of February 2020 The night before, several state media had already reported his death Consequently, Chinese social media erupted in mourning, and hours of confusion followed The Wuhan Central Hospital released a statement saying Li was still alive but in critical condition, adding that they were doing their best to save him At that point, state media deleted their previous posts, only for the hospital to then confirm his death the following day

Now, remember when I told you that the virus reached worldwide exposure only in January? Well, Li had already raised the alarm about the virus in December He posted in his medical school alumni group on WeChat that seven patients had been diagnosed with a SARS-like illness and were quarantined in his hospital in Wuhan Soon after he posted the message, Li was accused of rumour-mongering by the Wuhan police He was one of several medics targeted by police for trying to warn about the deadly virus in the early weeks of the outbreak

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